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  Russian Fortresses 1480-1682 (Fortress 39)
 : » » Osprey » Fortress
   
 
Russian Fortresses 1480-1682 (Fortress 39)
: Konstantin Nossov, Peter Dennis
: Osprey Publishing
: 2006
isbn: 1841769169
: 70
: english
: PDF (scan)

In 1462 the throne of the Principality of Moscow passed to the Ivan III (1462-1505), who succeeded in throwing off the Tatar yoke. For the next 200 years this new state struggled to maintain her borders against a series of attacks from the Lithuanians, Swedes and Poles to the west, as well as the Tatars to the south. They achieved this through the development of a network of fortified sites and a series of linear defensive systems. This book examine how these fortifications were developed to respond to ever changing situations under the command of such charismatic rulers as Ivan the Terrible, right through to the military reforms of Peter the Great.
 
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: oleksandr74 | 8-04-2015, 05:41 | : 234   (0)
  Crusader Castles in the Holy Land 1097-1192 (Fortress 21)
 : » » Osprey » Fortress
   
 
Crusader Castles in the Holy Land 1097-1192 (Fortress 21)
: David Nicolle, Adam Hook
: Osprey Publishing
: 2004
isbn: 1841767158
: 67
: english
: PDF (scan)

The Crusaders that landed in the Middle East in the late-11th century brought with them their own traditions of military architecture, but it was not long before their defensive construction began to reflect a broad array of local influences. Most early Crusader structures were relatively small, and tended to increase the existing natural and defensive features of a site. The basic forms comprised freestanding towers, castra, and hilltop and spur-castles, but urban centres, religious sites and rural dwellings were also fortified. From the 1160s, bigger, stronger and more expensive castles began to appear, in response to developments in Islamic siege weaponry. This title examines the early fortifications erected by the Crusaders in modern-day Israel, the Palestinian territories, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria and south-eastern Turkey.
 
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: oleksandr74 | 8-04-2015, 04:54 | : 245   (0)
  British Forts in the Age of Arthur (Fortress 80)
 : » » Osprey » Fortress
   
 
British Forts in the Age of Arthur (Fortress 80)
: Angus Konstam, Peter Dennis
: Osprey Publishing
: 2008
isbn: 1846033624, 9781846033629
: 64
: english
: PDF (scan)

When the Romans left Britain around AD 410 the island had not been fully subjugated. In the Celtic fringes the unconquered native peoples were presented with the opportunity to pillage what remained of Roman Britain. By way of response the Post-Roman Britons did their best to defend themselves from attack, and to preserve what they could of the systems left behind by the Romans. The best way to defend their territory was to create fortifications. While some old Roman forts were maintained, the Post-Roman Britons also created new strongholds, or re-occupied some of the long-abandoned hill-forts first built by their ancestors before the coming of the Romans. Packed with photographs, diagrams and full color artwork reconstructions, this book provides a unique examination of the design and development of the fortifications during the Age of Arthur, analyzing their day-to-day use and their effectiveness in battle. It closely describes the locations that are linked to the most famous warlord of the Dark Ages, the legendary Arthur - Tintagel, Cadbury and "Camelot". Although these great bastions were to eventually fall, for a few brief decades they succeeded in stemming the tide of invasion and in doing so safeguarding the culture and civilization of Post-Roman Celtic Britain.
 
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: oleksandr74 | 6-03-2014, 05:25 | : 283   (0)
  American Civil War Fortifications (2): Land and Field Fortifications (Fortress 38)
 : » » Osprey » Fortress
   
 
American Civil War Fortifications (2): Land and Field Fortifications (Fortress 38)
: Ron Field, Peter Dennis
: Osprey Publishing
: 2005
isbn: 1841768839
: 67
: english
: PDF (scan)

The American Civil War saw a massive development in the use of field fortifications, the result of the practical application of antebellum West-Point teaching, and the deadly impact of rifled infantry weapons and artillery. Both the Federal and Confederate armies began to develop far more sophisticated systems of field fortification, and the larger field works and fortifications surrounding Washington, DC and Richmond, VA were redesigned and rebuilt several times. This volume explores the role of land and field fortifications in the eastern and overland campaigns of the Civil War between 1861 and 1865. Particular attention is devoted to the nine-month siege of Petersburg, where daily life within the redoubts, lunettes, redans, bomb-proofs, trenches and rifle pits is vividly described.
 
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: oleksandr74 | 11-12-2013, 07:16 | : 379   (0)
  U-Boat Bases and Bunkers 1941-45 (Fortress 3)
 : » » Osprey » Fortress
   
 
U-Boat Bases and Bunkers 1941-45 (Fortress 3)
: Gordon Williamson, Ian Palmer
: Osprey Publishing
: 2003
isbn: 1841765562
: 67
: english
: PDF (scan)

Few of the massive military structures built by Germany during World War II are as impressive as the U-Boat bases and bunkers in Germany, Norway and France. This title takes a close look at the formidable edifices on the French coast (Brest, Lorient, St Nazaire, La Pallice, Bordeaux) in Norway (Bergen, Trondheim) and Germany (Keil, Hamburg, Helgoland) and also focuses on the huge 'Valentin' factory complex at Bremen, which manufactured the new type XXI electro-boats. Bunker protective systems, such as camouflage, light and heavy flak installations and nearby air cover, are also examined as well as resident flotillas and the fate of the bases at war's end.
 
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: oleksandr74 | 18-08-2013, 14:14 | : 293   (0)
  The Forts of New France in Northeast America 1600-1763 (Fortress 75)
 : » » Osprey » Fortress
   
 
The Forts of New France in Northeast America 1600-1763 (Fortress 75)
: Rene Chartrand, Brian Delf
: Osprey Publishing
: 2009
isbn: 1846032555, 9781846032554
: 68
: english
: PDF (scan)

"New France" consisted of the area colonized and ruled by France in North America from the 16th to the 18th century. At its peak in the early 18th century its territory was huge, stretching from Newfoundland to the Gulf of Mexico. This title reviews the lengthy chain of forts built to guard the French frontier in the American northeast from the province of Quebec through New York State to Pennsylvania and Indiana. Among the sites examined are forts Chambly, St. Frédéric (Crown Point), Carillon (Ticonderoga), Duquesne (Pittsburgh, PA), Ouiatenon (Quebec) and Vincennes (IN). These forts, some of them well-preserved and popular tourist destinations, ranged from large and elaborate, stone-built structures with classic, Vauban-style elements, to little more than cabins surrounded by stockades. Some, such as Chambly, looked more like medieval castles in their earliest forms. Formerly Senior Curator with National Historic Sites of Canada, historian René Chartrand examines the different fort-types and the French military technology that went into their construction, and describes the strategic vision that led to their construction, their part in the conflicts with the British colonies in the east and the Indian nations of the interior, and their effect on trade.
 
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: oleksandr74 | 29-07-2013, 04:04 | : 270   (0)
  The Fortress of Rhodes 1309-1522 (Fortress 96)
 : » » Osprey » Fortress
   
 
The Fortress of Rhodes 1309-1522 (Fortress 96)
: Konstantin Nossov, Brian Delf
: Osprey Publishing
: 2010
isbn: 1846039304, 9781846039300
: 65
: english
: PDF (scan)

First besieged in 305 BC, the island of Rhodes became part of the Roman Empire and was later fortified in the Byzantine style. Due to its strategic position in the Mediterranean, Rhodes was also attacked and besieged for over a century by Islamic forces. This title details the development of these fascinating fortifications, as well as the sieges that sought to reduce them.
 
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: oleksandr74 | 18-07-2013, 08:09 | : 305   (0)
  Fortress Monasteries of the Himalayas [Osprey Fortress 104]
 : » » Osprey » Fortress
   
 
Fortress Monasteries of the Himalayas [Osprey Fortress 104]
: Peter Harrison
: Osprey Publishing
: 2012
isbn: 1849083967
: 66
: english
: PDF

Buddhism has been influential in the mountain kingdoms of the Himalayas since the 7th century AD, most notably in the kingdom of Tibet where it permeated all aspects and levels of society until the 20th century. From the 9th-century AD onwards, the secular rulers of Tibet sought to extend their influence, and that of Buddhism, throughout the region. To this end, huge stone and mud-brick fortifications, known as dzongs, were constructed to dominate the secular landscape, while massive Buddhist monasteries dominated the religious - both following a very specific style of Tibetan architecture. It has been estimated that as many as 3,000 monasteries were built along with 200 dzongs.
 
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: Gerza | 28-06-2012, 21:46 | : 443   (0)
  Fortress 42: The Vauban Fortifications of France
 : » » Osprey » Fortress
   
 
Fortress 42: The Vauban Fortifications of France
: Paddy Griffith
: Osprey Publishing
: 2006
isbn: 1841768758
: 68
: english
: PDF (scan)

Vauban was the foremost military engineer of France during the period of its centralisation and wars of expansion in the 17th and 18th centuries. His influence persisted long after Waterloo, and his name has become synonymous with the science of the construction, defence and attack of bastioned fortresses. Dunkirk, Toulon, Perpignan, Verdun and Brest stand out among the many historically significant sites created by this incredible engineer. This book examines the many achievements of this pivotal figure in fortification history, exploring the sites and their subsequent significance.
 
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: oleksandr74 | 22-01-2012, 14:28 | : 414   (0)
  The Forts of Celtic Britain (Osprey Fortress No.50)
 : » » Osprey » Fortress
   
 
The Forts of Celtic Britain (Osprey Fortress No.50)
: Angus Konstam
: Osprey Publishing
: 2006
isbn: 1846030641
: 64
: english
: PDF

Half a millennium before the Romans first arrived in Britain an even more ferocious people arrived in what is now south-eastern England after migrating from the mainland of Europe. This civilisation, known as the Celts first arrived in Britain in the 6th century BC, and within 300 years had made the island their own. The Celts remained in Britain long after the Romans departed, and although driven into the remoter corners of the island by English invaders the people who remained clung onto their Celtic heritage, and defended their remaining lands against all-comers. In order to defend their lands from other tribes or outside invaders these people established powerful fortified sites that served as places of refuge in wartime and as administrative and trading centres in times of peace. Above all these came to symbolise tribal power, a dramatic symbol of territorial ownership and military might.
 
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: riga 1979 | 15-06-2010, 05:54 | : 712   (0)
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